Bio-Security for Animals Returning Home
Taking your goats or any other animal off the homestead oftentimes means a trip to the vets office, going to a show, attending a linear appraisal at another host farm, or taking your goat to another farm for breeding purposes. Whatever the reason your animal(s) have left your farm, you'll need to give some thought to how you can limit the amount of inherent risk your animals may have been exposed to some kind of illness or parasite.
In order to help ensure your other animals are not exposed to any possible illnesses, here are some steps to help you with biosecurity on your farm or homestead.
1. Quarantine - Keep any animal that has left your homestead or farm separated from all other
animals for at minimum, 30 days.
If quarantine is not possible, do not allow animals to have nose-to-nose contact and keep the
animals as far away from the other animals as possible.
2. Use a disinfectant or germicide that has the ability to kill microorganisms and pathogens and follow the directions for sanitizing.
Disinfect all boots, buckets, feeders, and tools that may have been off site as well as the vehicles and trailers inside and out.
3. Discard any feed or hay that was taken off your farm.
4. Interactions or feeding the "guaranteed" animals last and do not re-enter the other animals areas to prevent cross-contaminations. Do not go back and forth between those that left the farm and those that did not leave.
5. Always wear clean clothing and coat/jackets. Wear foot coverings or foot baths to prevent tracking pathogens between the areas.
6. Do not eat or drink in the barn or pasture areas.
7. Keep a close eye on the quarantined animals. Look for any symptoms or signs of illness
Pain or discomfort
Watery eyes or runny nose
Diarrhea or changes in feces consistency
Check the animals vitals ( respirations, temperature, etc.) If you notice any of the above symptoms, contact your veterinarian. Paying attention to the animals is critical to ensure they remain healthy. Animals that leave the familiar area of their home can experience stress and possible illnesses when they are away from home. Practicing bio-security steps can help your animals stay healthy and safe.
Talk with your veterinarian for more suggestions to keep your animals healthy and safe while away from home.